What is computer architecture?


What is computer architecture?

Although the term computer architecture sounds very complicated, its definition is more natural than you might think. Computer architecture is a science or set of rules that determine how computer software and hardware come together and interact to make a computer work. It not only determines how the computer works but also which technologies the laptop supports. Networks are still an important part of our lives, and computer architects continue to develop new and better programs and technologies.

Computer architecture is a specification that describes how hardware and software technologies interact to create a computer system or platform. When we think of the word architecture, we think of building a house or building. Taking into account the same principle, the computer architecture includes the construction of a computer and everything in a computer system. Computer architecture consists of three main categories.

System design – Includes all hardware parts such as CPUs, data processors, multiprocessors, memory controllers and direct memory access. This part is the actual computer system.

Instruction Set Architecture – This includes CPU functions and functions, CPU programming language, data formats, processor register types and guidelines used by computer programmers. This part is the software with which it works, such as Windows or Photoshop or similar programs.

Microarchitecture: Defines the element of data storage and processing or data paths and how they should be implemented in the instruction set architecture. These can be DVD storage devices or similar devices.

All of these parts belong together in a certain order and must be developed in a pattern for them to work properly.

How do I become a computer architect?

To become a computer architect, often referred to as a computer network architect, the candidate must have at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering, information systems, or a related field. The best emerging computer programs computer software architects because they offer students a wealth of knowledge in data protection or network security, all of which are important for computer architects. These courses also teach students the various technologies used in different networks.

Some students choose to complete an MBA (management business administration) with a focus on information systems. The advantage of this program is that it offers both computer and business applications. Even earning the degree, applicants may need at least five years of experience working with IT professionals before being hired as a software architect. Some computer artists will remain computer programmers with information as soon as they become acquainted.

Outlook Outlook

If we have computers and all the components that go into a computer, there will still be a demand for computer artists. Computer buyers are expected to see 6% growth between 2016 and 2026, as reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). As the demand for digital printers goes down, business size will continue to rise. BLS reports that computer artists nationwide have paid a salary ranging from $ 58,160 to $ 162,390 since May 2017 with a minimum salary of $ 107,870.

With access to computers in multiple technologies, architecture and design will continue to be a welcome gesture for producers interested in developing these tools.

The illustration of the computer

A computer is an electronic device that does any simple task. In a web browser, the CPU uses all the instructions it provides; in a step-by-step process, this step process is referred to as the Machine Cycle and is repeated for both sides. One of the tools is deployment management, command generation, data transfer, training performance.

The computer system consists of five basic units that assist the computer in its operations, which are provided below:

  1. Input unit
  2. Output unit
  3. Storage unit
  4. Arithmetic Logic Unit
  5. Control unit

Input unit

The input unit connects the external environment to the computer’s internal system. It provides data and instructions for the computer system. The most commonly used input devices are keyboard, mouse, magnetic tape, etc.

The input unit performs the following tasks:

Accept the data and instructions from the external environment.

Turn it into machine language.

Provide the converted data to the computer system.

Output unit

It connects an internal computer system to the external environment. It provides the results of any calculations or instructions to the outside world. It’s printers, monitors, etc. In some output devices.

Storage unit

This unit contains the details and instructions. It also stores intermediate results before sending them to the output devices. It saves the data for later use.

Computer system storage units can be divided into two categories:

Primary Storage: This memory is used to store the data that is currently running. It is used for temporary data storage.RAM is used as primary storage memory.

Secondary memory: secondary memory is slower and cheaper than primary memory. It is used to store data permanently. Commonly used secondary storage devices are hard drives, CDs, etc. 

Arithmetic logical unit

All calculations in ALU are performed using the computer system. Whenever calculations are needed, the control unit transfers data from the memory unit to the ALU. When operations are performed, the result is transferred back to the memory unit.

Control unit

Check all other drives on your computer. Controls the flow of data and instructions to and from the storage drive to ALU. Hence it is also known as the central nervous system of the computer.


It is the central processing unit of the computer. The control unit and ALU together are called CPUs.It performs the following activities:

Show all operations.

It makes all the decisions.

Check all drives on your computer.